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Контрольная №4 по английскому, вариант 1

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Uploaded: 27.12.2013
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1. Определите залог нижеследующих ing-forms (инговых форм глагола)
I. Active Voice2. Passive Voice
stealing, wounding, having entered, being helped, having searched, being told, being arrested, having been questioned, being acquitted, investigating.

2. Выделите в предложениях Gerund (Герундий). Переведите предложения.
1. He was proud of having entered the University.
2. She went out without saying a word.
3. On entering the room, the police found it empty.
4. Thank you for coming.
5 I thanked him for having helped me in my studies.

3. Выделите в предложениях Participle I (Причастие 1). Переведите предложения.
1. I caught him stealing my purchase.
2. The fired, wounding one of the bandits.
3. Not knowing the language he couldn´t explain anything.
4. I saw you passing our house.
5.Having arrived at the crime scene, the officer began to observe it.

4. Выпишите из предложений Participle II (Причастие 2) и Past Indefinite (глаголы в простом прошедшем времени). Переведите предложения
1. He translated the article published by this scientist.
2. All principles mentioned by the commission proposed observance of law.
3. The problem dealt with in this report was an important one.
4. The facts disclosed were more important than those recovered during thу interrogation.
5. When used this method didn´t give good results.

5. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на употребление различных ing-forms (инговых форм глагола).
1. Even with increasing numbers of local and federal law enforcement officers, the police don´t have the ability to prevent every crime.
2. Soon after hiring private security, burglaries and robberies had decreased.
3. Americans have become accustomed to being watched by surveillance cameras. 4. The police chased after a fleeing suspect.
5. Detectives had been provided with valuable clue to use in solving this case.

ЗАДАНИЯ К ТЕКСТУ «А»
6. Прочитайте текст. Выпишите из него интернационализмы и слова, о значении которых можно догадаться без словаря (не менее 12 слов). Приведите их русскоязычные соответствия. Исключите слова, выписанные в контрольной работе №3.
Text A
Crime Trends and Patterns
(Part II)
Race and Crime. The racial differences in the crime rate are one of the most controversial areas of the criminal justice system. At first glance, crime statistics seem to support the idea that the African Americans in the US are disposed toward criminal behavior. Not all of the data, however, support that assertion. The point to remember when reviewing statistical studies of minority offenders and victims is that they tend to focus on race, which distinguishes groups based on physical characteristics such as skin, color, rather than ethnicity, which denotes national or cultural background. Thus the bull of criminological research in this area has focused on the differences between European Americans and African Americans, because the latter have been the largest minority group in the United States.
Age and Crime. The strongest statistical determination of criminal behavior appears to be age. Criminal activity has been, and continues to be, most among younger citizens. The young are also in more danger of beinig crime victims than other age group.
7. Определите тематику текста «А», выбрав из предложенных вариантов 4 правильных, расположите их в последовательном порядке и переведите их.
This text ...
• lists four written sources of American Criminal law.
• describes the rest six crime patterns mentioned in the first part of the text.
• explains the two basic functions of criminal law.
• mentions the role that guns and drugs play in crime trends
• identifies two social process theories of crime.
• points out the most controversial crime pattern and the most stable ones.

8. Перепишите вопросы к тексту «А» и письменно ответьте на них.
1. What are the most controversial and the stable c

Additional information

9. Письменно переведите выделенные абзацы текста «А»

ЗАДАНИЯ К ТЕКСТУ «В»
6. Прочитайте текст. Выпишите из него интернационализмы и слова, о значении которых можно догадаться без словаря (не менее 10 слов). Приведите их русскоязычные соответствия. Исключите слова, выписанные в контрольной работе №3.
Text B
White-collar Crimes
(Part II)
Securities Fraud. This area covers illegal activity in the stock market. It includes stockbrokers who steal money from their clients and insider trading, which is the illegal trading in a stock by someone (or on behalf of someone) who has inside knowledge of the company.
Check fraud includes writing checks that are not covered by bank funds, forging checks, and stealing traveler´s cheeks.
Insurance fraud involves making false claims in order to collect insurance payments under false pretenses; faking an injury in order to receive payments from a worker´s compensation program.
7. Определите тематику текста «В», выбрав из предложенных вариантов 3 правильных, расположите их в последовательном порядке и переведите их.
This text ...
• lists four written sources of American criminal law.
• gives definition to tax evasion.
• describes crime trends and patterns.
• describes illegal activity that involves selling influence, power or information.
• explains the two basic functions of criminal law.
• gives definitions of different types of fraud.

8. Перепишите вопросы к тексту «В» и письменно ответьте на них.
3. What types of fraud are mentioned in the text?
4. What is the name of the illegal practice involving taxes?

9. Письменно переведите выделенные абзацы текста «В».

ЗАДАНИЯ К ТЕКСТУ «С»
6. Прочитайте текст. Выпишите из него интернационализмы и слова, о значении которых можно догадаться без словаря (не менее 8 слов). Приведите их русскоязычные соответствия. Исключите слова, выписанные в контрольной работе №3.
Text C
Exploring the Causes of Crime
(Part II)
Trait Theories. Perhaps the most controversial trait theory explains criminal behavior by biological and psychological attributes of the individual. Many criminologists believe that the secret to crime is locked us the human body and the human brain. Psychological attempts to explain crime are based on the study of personality and intelligence and the development of a person´s behavioral patters during infancy.
Sociological Theories. Crime is not something a person is “born to do” Instead, it is the result of social conditions. Those who are socially disadvantaged -- because of poverty or other factors such as racial discrimination are more likely to commit crimes because other avenues to «success» have been dosed off.
7. Определите тематику текста, выбрав из предложенных вариантов 3 правильных, расположите их в последовательном порядке и переведите их.
This text ...
• links three crime cause theories to social conditions.
• sums up choice theory.
• explores four groups of theories that cause crime.
• names the most controversial theory.
• is about different types of law enforcement agencies of the USA.
• lists five main types of law enforcement agencies of the USA.

8. Перепишите вопросы к тексту «С» и письменно ответьте на них.
1.By what does the trait theory explain criminal behavior?
2. What crime causes theories are the most valid, in your opinion´?

9. Письменно переведите текст «С».

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