K / P №2 England, Var 1 (Moscow)

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Uploaded: 18.10.2013
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Product description

I. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.
a) 1. The idea of space flights is attracted the attention of the people since the remotest times.
2. When Mendeleyev was constructing his table he left several blanks in order to put the elements of similar properties in the same group.
3. The Olympic Games have a very long history.
b) 1. New achievements of Russian scientists are much spoken about.
2. The question is not connected with the subject which is being discussed now.
3. Newton´s works are often referred to in scientific papers.

II. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните Participle I и Participle II, установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Wood is one of the oldest materials employed in engineering constructions and devices.
2. While experimenting in their laboratory Pierre and Marie Curie discovered a new element-radium.
3. Any apparatus converting heat into mechanical work is called a heat engine.

III. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.The cosmonauts’ flights proved that the man can live and work in space.
2.The latest reports indicate that oxygen may still be found on Venus.
3.Atomic energy must be used only for peaceful purposes.
4.Room temperature should be from 18 to 22 degrees Celsius.

IV. Прочитайте и устно переведите на русский язык с 1-го по 7-й абзацы текста. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 и 7-й абзацы.
1.Moscow is the capital of Russia, its administrative, economic, political and educational centre. It is one of Russian´s major cities with the population of about 10 million people. Its total area is about 300 thousand square kilometers.
2.The city was founded by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky and was first mentioned in the chronicles in 1147. At that time it was a small frontier settlement. By the 15th century Moscow had grown into a wealthy city.

Additional information

3.In the 16th century, under Ivan the Terrible, Moscow became the capital of the state of Muscovite. In the 18th century Peter the Great transferred the capital to St. Petersburg, but Moscow remained the heart of Russia. That is why it became the main target of Napoleon’s attack in 1812. During the war of 1812 three quarters of the city were destroyed by fire, but by the middle of the 19th century Moscow was completely rebuilt.
4.The present-day Moscow is the seat of the government of Russian Federation. The President of Russia lives and works here and government offices are located here, too.
5.Moscow is one of the major industrial cities of the country. Its leading industries are engineering, chemical and light industries.
6.Moscow is known for its many historical buildings, museums and art galleries, as well as for the famous Bolshoi, Maly and Art theatres. There are more than 80 museums in Moscow; among them are the unique Pushkin Museum and the state Tretyakov Gallery, the Andrei Rublyov Museum and many others.
7.Moscow is a city of science and education. There аге over 80 higher educational institutions including a great number of universities and academies.

V. Прочитайте вопрос. Какой из вариантов ответа соответствует по содержанию одному из предложений текста.
Why did Moscow become the main target of Napoleon´s attack in1812?
1. Because Moscow remained the heart of Russia.
2. Because Peter the Great transferred the capital to St. Petersburg in the 18th century.
3. Because Moscow had grown into a wealthy city.


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