English version 5

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Uploaded: 04.12.2013
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Вариант 5
I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием - S и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:
а) показателем третьего лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;
б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного. Переведите предложения на русский язык:
1. Не often presents his wife with flowers.
2. I enjoyed my husband´s presents very much.
3. Over-production of some goods leads to a glut on the market.

II. Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие различные формы сравнения и переведите их на русский язык:
1. The food is less expensive in our restaurant than in “Savoy”.
2. The cheapest automobile in this country is “Oka”.
3. The more civilization is developing, the greater the ecological problems are becoming.

III. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол - сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог, Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (б) обратил внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций:
а) 1. The government has set up an official committee responsible for national economic policy.
2. ´John, Linda is calling from Florida?´
b) 1. Half of his monthly income was spent on medical expenses.
2. These employees are not satisfied with the working conditions.
3. The price list is being discussed now.
4. I suppose all goods will have been sold by the end of the mouth.
V. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом и модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите на русский язык:
1. In most cases we have to accept fixed prices.
2. Property in both the US and Britain can be owned by individual citizens.
3. Unfortunately, our committee will not be able to perform these functions.

VIII. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст:
A person is economically free, if he can do what he wishes with his own property, time and effort.
In all communities, of course, limits and set upon this personal freedom. In some countries the limits are complex; in others they are relatively simple. All individual citizens are required to conform to the laws made by their governments. Complete economic freedom of action can cause great difficulties, because the freedoms of various individuals will conflict.
If citizens were completely free, some landowners might build factories in unsuitable places.
If there no system of control, factory-owners might make their employees work too long each day.
If they were completely free, workers might stop working when they got their first pay, and come back to do more work only when they needed more money. Such economic freedom could create a very unstable economy. Laws related to economic conditions are sometimes concerned with workers´ health, wages and pensions.
They are sometimes concerned with contracts between employers and employees. They are sometimes concerned with the location of places of work. Sometimes they help the employers; sometimes they protect the interests of the workers.

IX. Найдите в тексте и упражнениях контрольной работы значения следующих слов и словосочетаний:
1. перепроизводство
2. затоваривание рынка
3. медицинские расходы
4. прибыльный проект
5. выполнять функции
6. национальная экономическая политика
7. нуждаться в деньгах
8. контракты между работодателями и служащими
9. подчиняться законам
10. заработная плата и пенсии


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