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I. The Present Perfect Tense
Exercise I. Complete the sentences using one of the suggested verbs in time Present Perfect (have / has + 3 form of the verb)
break, buy, finish, do, go, lose, go, paint, read, take.
1. "Are they still having dinner?" "No, they have finished".
2. I ... some new shoes. Do you want to see then?
3. "Is Tom here?" "No, he ... to work".
4. "... you ... the shopping?" "No, I'm going to do it later."
5. "Where's your key?" "I do not know. I ... it.
6. Look! Somebody ... that window.
7. Your house looks different. ... You ... it?
8. I can not find my umbrella. Somebody ... it.
9. I'm looking for Ann. Where ...: she?
10. "Do you want the newspaper?" "No, thanks. I ... it".

Exercise 2. Write questions beginning with the words: Have you over ...
1. (Paris) Have you ever been to Paris?
NO, never.
2. (play / golf) Have you ever played golf?
Yes, many times.
3. (Australia) Have ...?
No, never.
4. (1ose / your passport) .... ?
Yes, once.
5. (sleep / in a park) ...?
No, never.
6. (eat / Chinese food)
Yes, a few times.
7. (New York)
Yes, twice
8. (win / a lot of money)
No, never.
9. (break / your leg)
Yes, once.

Exercise 3. Complete the sentence.
1. Jill is in London. She has been in London since Monday.
2. I know George. I have known him for a long time.
3. They are married. They ... married since 1993.
4. John is ill. He ... ill for a week.
5. We live in this house. We ... here for ten years.
6. I know Tom very well. I ... him since we went to school together.
7. We are waiting for you. We ... waiting since 8 o'clock.
8. She has a headache. She ... a headache since she got up.

Exercise 4. Write the questions beginning with: How long?
1. John is in London. How long has he been in London?
2. I know George. How long have you known him?
3. Mike and Ann are in Brasil. How long ...?
4. My brother lives in Germany.
5. Bill is a teacher.
6. I know Margaret.
7. I have a car.
8. Linda and Frank are married.
9. Ann works in London.

Exercise 5. Insert for or since.
1. She's been in London since Monday.
2. She's been in London for four days.
3. Mike has been ill ... a long time. He's been in hospital ... October.
4. My aunt has lived in Australia ... 15 years.
5. Nobody lives in these houses. They have been empty ... many years.
6. Mrs. Harris is in her office. She's been there ... 7 o'clock.

Exercise 6. Answer the questions. Use the words in brackets for or ago.
1. (four days) When did he arrive in London?
Four days ago.
2. (four days) How long has she been in London?
For four days.
3. (20 years) How long have they been married?
4. (20 years) When did they get married?
5. (ten minutes) When did John arrive?
6. (two months) When did you buy these shoes?
7. (two months) How long has she been in Moscow?
8. (a long time) How long have you known Jane?
9. (an hour) What time did you have lunch?

Uprazhnenie7. Complete the sentences using for or since /
1. She is in London now. She arrived there four days ago.
She has been there for four days.
2. Jack is here. He arrived here on Thursday /
He has ...
3. I know Ann. I first met Ann two years ago.
I've ...
4. I have a camera. I bought it in 1995.
I've ...
5. They are married. They got married six months ago.
They've ...

Exercise 8. Use the words in brackets, answering questions.
1. Have you ever lost your key?
(Yesterday) Yes, I lost it yesterday.
2. Have you seen Alan?
(Ten minutes ago) Yes, I ... ten minutes ago.
3. Have you painted the gate?
(Last week) Yes, we ... it ...
4. Has Jane gone to France?
(On Friday) Yes, she ...
5. Have they had dinner?

Additional information

Exercise 10. The following proposals indicate whether the correct verb form of the underlined. If the form is incorrect, set the desired shape.
1. Tom arrived last week. - Right
2. Have you seen Pam last week? - Wrong
It should be: Did you see Pam last week?
3. I have finished my work.
4. I have finished my work at 2 o'clock.
5. When have you finished your work?
6. George has left school three years ago.

11. Exercise Put the verbs in the Present Perfect (I have done) or Past Simple (I did)
1. My friend is a writer. She has written (write) many books.
2. We did not have (not / have) a holiday last year.
3. Did you see (you / see) Alan last week?
4. I (play) tennis yesterday afternoon.

12. Exercise translated into English, using The Present Perfect Tense.

II. Modal Verbs. Modal verbs.
Exercise 1: Complete the sentences using can or can not, and one of the following verbs.
come, find, hear, see, speak

Exercise 2: Finish the sentence. Use can or can not, and one of the following verbs.
eat, go, go, see, sleep, understand

Exercise 3. Insert: can, could, was able to, can not, could not or was not able to.

Exercise 7.

Exercise 8. Insert must or had to.

Exercise 9. Finish the sentence. Use must not, or need not, and one of the verbs.
be, busy, clean, hurry, lose, take, tell, wait

Exercise 10. Complete proposals. Use have to, or has to, and one of the verbs.
do, read, speak, travel, wear

II. Answer the questions.
1. What is law?
2. What is the main aim of law?
3. What branches of law does the system of law in our country consist of?
4. What does each branch of law deal with?

I. Translate the text into Russian.
Criminal Lew is to provide protection for the Russian social end state system, personal property and the personal rights of citizens against criminal encroachments.
Criminal Law defines the acts which are socially dangerous and must be regarded al crimes. It lays down the penalties that should be applied to persons committing these crimes. Here are some leading principles of Russia Criminal Law.
1. A person may be charged with criminal responsibility only when he has committed an act specially provided for in Criminal Law.
2. Responsibility can exist only in the presence of guilt
3. Criminal punishment shall be applied only by sentence of the court.
4. Persons committing crimes in a state of intoxication are not released from criminal responsibility.
5. The death sentence may be passed az an exceptional penalty in cases specifically enumerated in law.

1. translate the text into Russian
The court is an organ of state that administers justice on the basis of the laws of the state.
There are courts of first instance and second instance. A court of first instance examines a case in substance and brings in a sentence or a judgement. A court of second instance examines appeals and protests against sentences and judgements of courts of first instance. However, any court may sit as a court of first instance.
The basic judicial organ is the district court. It tries both criminal and civil cases. The district court consists of a judge and two assessors. Cases are tried in public and proceeding are oral. The participants in the trial (the victim, the accused, the plaintiff, the defendant and others) speak in open court. The assused has the right to defence.
The higher courts are city courts, regional courts and others. These courts hear and determine more important cases. They also sit as courts of appeals.
The highest judicial organ is the country's Supreme Court supervising the activities of all the judicial organs of the state.
As a court of first instance it tries the most important criminal and civil cases. It also hears appeals against sentences and judgements of lower courts.


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