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Uploaded: 05.12.2013
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Task 1.

1. What is the biosphere?

1. geological body, structure and functions of which are determined by the peculiarities of the Earth and the cosmos.
2. The grand equilibrium system with a continuous cycle of matter and energy, in which the active role played by micro-organisms.
3. The spherical body, which is characterized by the presence of living matter.

2. What is studying ecology as a science?

1. The physical and chemical processes occurring in the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere.
2. The existence of a set of organisms in nature and different complexity.
3. The interaction of living systems (biocenosis) and inanimate nature.
4. The relationship of living organisms and their natural and artificial groups environmental data.

3. What is meant by ecological systems or biogeocenoses?

1. Groups of plants, animals and microbes.
2. a system of interacting living and nonliving nature.
3. The cycle of matter in nature.

4. What is crucial in the formation of the biosphere?

1. Biomass.
2. The process of photosynthesis.
3. autotrophic plants.
4. chemosynthesis.

5. What is meant by biochemical cycle?

1. How big biochemical cycle (geological) and small (biotic).
2. Return of inorganic chemicals from the environment through the plant and animal organisms back into inorganic medium with solar energy, and chemical reactions.

Task 2.

1. Which group of organisms involved in the circulation of substances are organisms that feed on organisms, bacteria and fungi?

1. Producers.
2. consuments.
3. Decomposers.

2. What is the key element of the biosphere?

1. Nitrogen.
2. Phosphorus.
3. Water.
4. Carbon.

3. What determines the specificity of the ecosystem "man - environment"?

1. Physical factors.
2. Solar eclipse.
3. Biological factors.
4. Force of gravity.
5. Socio-economic factors.
6. tectonic forces.

4. What forms of interaction between society and nature developed at the present stage of historical development?

1. Biological.
2. Chemical.
3. Economic.
4. Environmental.
5. Social.

5. What are the main directions of activity of the person is manifested negative with respect to the natural environment?

1. Conversion of the natural environment.
2. Pollution of the environment.
3. Violation of the interaction of living and inanimate nature.
4. Violation of the cycle of matter in nature.
5. Depletion of natural resources.
6. The destruction of the natural environment.

Task 3.

1. In what appears most important role of the atmosphere?

1. It regulates the biosphere equilibrium.
2. It promotes the balanced nature.
3. It is one of the necessary conditions for the emergence and existence of life on Earth.

2. As described Academician VI Vernadsky harmonious coexistence of man and nature as a new stage in the development of the biosphere?

1. mesosphere.
2. mesopause.
3. tropopause.
4. exosphere.
5. noosphere.

3. What kind of gas atmosphere it is the most active in the biosphere processes?

1. Nitrogen.
2. Oxygen.
3. Ozone.
4. Carbon dioxide (CO2).
5. Carbon monoxide (CO).

4. With the increase in emissions of gas into the atmosphere due warning of ecologists about what our planet can expect a disaster in the investigation of so-called greenhouse effect?

1. Carbon Dioxide.
2. Chlorine.
3. The carbon monoxide.
4. aldehydes.

5. What determines the quality of the water in nature?

Additional information

1. What% of all infectious diseases in the world is connected, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), with poor quality of drinking water and violations of sanitary water forms?

1. Approximately 80%.
2. About 70%.
3. About 60%.
4. Approximately 50%.

2. Who is currently the largest consumer of water in rivers and reservoirs?

1. Industry and Energy.
2. Irrigation.
3. Utilities cities.
4. drinking and household needs of the population.

3. Is the water transport one of the main sources of pollution of the hydrosphere?

1. Yes.
2. No.

4. Who is the founder of modern soil science, created the doctrine of the nature areas, soil zones, soil-forming factors?

1. VI Vernadsky.
2. VN Sukachev.
3. VD Dokuchaev.
4. VR Williams.

5. What is the basic property of the soil?

1. Aridization.
2. Fertility.
3. Wind erosion.
4. Irritatsionnaya erosion.
5. Technical erosion.

Task 5.

1. What are the main polluters of soil?

1. Heavy metals.
2. Petroleum.
3. Toxic substances.
4. Pesticides

2. What is meant by the chemical load on the human body?

1. Transfer of chemical compounds on food purposes and their accumulation in the human body.
2. Impact on the human body of organic solvents.
3. The total amount of harmful and toxic substances that enter the body over its lifetime.

3. What are the industrial complexes occupy one of the first places in terms of pollution released into the environment?

1. Oil fields.
2. Black, non-ferrous metal industry.
3. chemical complex.
4. petrochemical complex.

4. Is it true that the non-ferrous metallurgy is the second after the power system of the biosphere pollutant sulfur dioxide?

1. Yes.
2. No.

5. What levels of management are considered in environmental management?

1. The expenditure of the Office of Natural Resources.
2. Management of natural systems.
3. Management of the consumption of natural resources.

6. What is the level of environmental management can be command-administrative and economic?

1. Management of the consumption of natural resources.
2. Management of natural systems.
3. Management of natural resources.
4. The expenditure of the Office of Natural Resources.

Task 6.

1. Is it possible to be attributed to the resource cycle cycle of raw materials?
2. What is the main objective reason of environmental pollution?
3. What is the general principle of environmental management provides for the creation of clusters, allowing better use of resources and reduce harmful impact on the environment?
4. What is the monitoring of environmental pollution?
5. To what concerns the monitoring tracking condition of natural systems, which are virtually superimposed regional anthropogenic impacts?

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